|Dog Vaccine||Initial Puppy Vaccination (at or under 16 weeks)||Initial Adult Dog Vaccination (over 16 weeks)||Booster Recommendation||Comments|
|Rabies 1st initial and 3-year||Can be administered as one dose, as early as 4 months of age. States regulate the age at which it is first administered.||Single dose||A second vaccination is required after the initial or the 1st rabies vaccine- 1 year, then boosters every 3 years.||Core dog vaccine.|
|Distemper||At least 3 doses, given between 6 and 16 weeks of age||2 doses, given 3-4 weeks apart||Puppies need a booster 1 year after completing their initial series, then all dogs need a booster every 3 years or more often.||Core dog vaccine. Caused by an airborne virus, distemper is a severe disease that, among other problems, may cause permanent brain damage.|
|Parvovirus||At least 3 doses, given between 6 and 16 weeks of age||2 doses, 3-4 weeks apart||Puppies need a booster 1 year after completing the initial series, then all dogs need a booster every 3 years or more often.||Core dog vaccine. Canine “parvo” is contagious, and can cause severe vomiting and bloody diarrhea. Parvo is usually fatal if untreated.|
|Adenovirus (canine hepatitis)||At least 3 doses, between 6 and 16 weeks of age||2 doses, 3-4 weeks apart||Puppies need a booster 1 year after completing the initial series, then all dogs need a booster every 3 years or more often.||Core dog vaccine. Spread via coughs and sneezes, canine hepatitis can lead to severe liver damage, and death.|
|Parainfluenza||Administered at 6-8 weeks of age, then every 3-4 weeks until 12-14 weeks old||1 dose||A booster may be necessary after 1 year, depending on manufacturer recommendations; revaccination every 3 years is considered protective.||Non-core dog vaccine. Parainfluenza infection results in cough, fever. It may be associated with Bordetella infection.|
|Bordetella bronchiseptica (kennel cough)||Depends on the vaccine type; 2 doses are usually needed for protection.||1 dose of the intranasal or oral product, or 2 doses of the injected product||Annual or 6-month boosters may be recommended for dogs in high-risk environments.||Non-core dog vaccine. Not usually a serious condition, although it can be dangerous in young puppies. It is usually seen after activities like boarding or showing.|
|Lyme disease||1 dose, administered as early as 9 weeks, with a second dose 2-4 weeks later||2 doses, 2-4 weeks apart||May be needed annually, prior to the start of tick season or if pet will travel to the East coast or tick area||Non-core dog vaccine. Generally recommended only for dogs with a high risk for exposure to Lyme disease-carrying ticks.|
|Leptospirosis||First dose at 12 weeks; second dose 4 weeks later||2 doses, 2-4 weeks apart||At least once yearly for dogs in high-risk areas||Non-core dog vaccine. Vaccination is generally restricted to established risk areas. Exposure to rodents and standing water can lead to a leptospirosis infection.|
|Canine influenza||First dose as early as 6-8 weeks; second dose 2-4 weeks later||2 doses, 2-4 weeks apart||Yearly||Non-core dog vaccine.
Similar to bordetella.
|Rattlesnake||First dose as early as 4 months old||2 doses 4 weeks apart||Yearly update in early spring||Non-core dog vaccine|